Comparing the growth of renewable energy sources in Turkey, Iran and Iraq
Keywords:Renewable energy, Solar energy, Wind energy, Hydropower energy
Fossil fuels are the primary energy source in most countries of the world, especially since the beginning of the industrial renaissance. Increased consumption of fossil fuels produces greenhouse gases, which significantly negatively impact the environment and human health. As a result of these disadvantages, the world needs to search for alternative low-carbon energy sources. The article focused on the amount of renewable energy generation in Turkey, Iran and Iraq from the collection of statistical data from 2010-2020. Turkey occupied the clear progress to benefit from renewable energy sources, followed by Iran and Iraq. The percentage of annual growth of power generation based on hydropower in Turkey, Iran and Iraq (71.4%, 28.5% and 0.1%) respectively. About other renewable energy sources, Turkey had the largest share in generating energy from wind and solar energy, with an annual growth rate of (88.03%, 98.22%), respectively. Finally, renewable energy can be considered a promising energy source for future generations when countries determine correct planning policies.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Jameel Al-Naffakh, Mohammed R. Al-Qassab
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